Can Someone Come Out Of A Vegetative State?

How long can a person stay in a vegetative state?

Most people who remain in a vegetative state die within 6 months of the original brain damage.

Most of the others live about 2 to 5 years.

The cause of death is often a respiratory or urinary tract infection or severe malfunction (failure) of several organs..

What does persistent vegetative state mean?

The term “persistent vegetative state” was coined by Jennett and Plum in 1972 to describe the condition of patients with severe brain damage in whom coma has progressed to a state of wakefulness without detectable awareness1. Such patients have sleep-wake cycles but no ascertainable cerebral cortical function.

Can the brain heal after lack of oxygen?

A full recovery from severe anoxic or hypoxic brain injury is rare, but many patients with mild anoxic or hypoxic brain injuries are capable of making a full or partial recovery. Furthermore, symptoms and effects of the injury are dependent on the area(s) of the brain that was affected by the lack of oxygen.

What is the longest someone has been in a vegetative state?

Elaine Esposito (December 3, 1934 – November 25, 1978) held the record for the longest period of time in a coma according to Guinness World Records, having lost consciousness in 1941 and eventually dying in that condition more than 37 years later.

What defines a vegetative state?

A vegetative state is when a person is awake but is showing no signs of awareness. A person in a vegetative state may: open their eyes. wake up and fall asleep at regular intervals. have basic reflexes (such as blinking when they’re startled by a loud noise or withdrawing their hand when it’s squeezed hard)

Who was in a coma the longest and woke up?

Munira AbdullaDoctor describes ‘ecstatic’ moment coma patient woke up after 27 years. Doctors had little hope that Munira Abdulla would ever wake up after suffering a brain injury in a 1991 car crash.

What is the longest coma ever?

37 years and 111 daysOn Aug. 6, 1941, 6-year-old Elaine Esposito went to the hospital for a routine appendectomy. She went under general anesthetic and never came out. Dubbed the “sleeping beauty,” Esposito stayed in a coma for 37 years and 111 days before succumbing in 1978 — the longest-ever coma, according to Guinness World Records.

Has anyone woke up from a vegetative state?

About 50% of persons who are in a vegetative state one month after traumatic brain injury eventually recover consciousness. They are likely to have a slow course of recovery and usually have some ongoing cognitive and physical impairments and disabilities.

Can you feel pain in a vegetative state?

IT IS a nightmare situation. A person diagnosed as being in a vegetative state has an operation without anaesthetic because they cannot feel pain.

What’s the difference between brain dead and vegetative state?

The difference between brain death and a vegetative state, which can happen after extensive brain damage, is that it’s possible to recover from a vegetative state, but brain death is permanent. Someone in a vegetative state still has a functioning brain stem, which means: some form of consciousness may exist.

What is the difference between a coma and a vegetative state?

The word coma usually refers to the state in which a person appears to be asleep but cannot be awakened. Persistent vegetative state refers to another form of altered consciousness in which the person appears to be awake but does not respond meaningfully to the outside world.

Why is it called vegetative state?

The name vegetative state was chosen to refer to the preserved vegetative nervous functioning, meaning these patients have (variably) preserved sleep-wake cycles, respiration, digestion or thermoregulation. The term persistent was added to denote that the condition remained for at least one month after insult.

What is the difference between someone who is vegetative versus locked in?

The difference between locked-in syndrome and a vegetative state is that a person with locked-in syndrome retains their full mental faculties, whereas a person in a vegetative state does not.

How is persistent vegetative state diagnosed?

According to the 1994 Multi-Society Task Force on persistent vegetative state (PVS), the criteria for the diagnosis of VS are the following: (1) no evidence of awareness of self or environment and an inability to interact with others; (2) no evidence of sustained, reproducible, purposeful, or voluntary behavioral …

What are the chances of coming out of a vegetative state?

Generally, adults have about a 50 percent chance and children a 60 percent chance of recovering consciousness from VS/UWS within the first 6 months in the case of traumatic brain injury. For non-traumatic injuries such as strokes, the recovery rate falls within the first year.

Can a person in a vegetative state hear you?

Other studies have shown that up to 20 percent of patients in various vegetative states can hear and respond on at least some level. But at least some of the responses seen could be dismissed as simple reflexes, or at best akin to someone in a dream state responding to stimuli.

Are you aware in a vegetative state?

In a vegetative state the person is still unconscious. They have no awareness of themselves or their environment. The main difference between ‘coma’ and the ‘vegetative state’ is that at some point the person’s eyes will be open and there will be times when they seem to be ‘awake’.